The Resurrection and the Life

by | Jul 19, 2020 | I AM, Study

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Week 5

Last week we discovered in John 10 Jesus’ claim that He is the Good Shepherd.

John 10:14-15
“14 I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me, 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father, and I lay down my life for the sheep.”

Jesus made these claims after He had been confronted by the Pharisees for healing a blind man on the Sabbath in John 9. Jesus was showing Himself to be the Good Shepherd of Israel promised in Ezekiel 34. He was also showing that it was the Pharisees who were truly blind because they did not know their Shepherd.

After yet another confrontation with the Pharisees at the Feast of Dedication or Festival of Lights, He again exposed the spiritual blindness of the Pharisees. In frustration, the Jews demand that Jesus tell them plainly if He is the Christ. Jesus then makes the startling claim that He and the Father are one. Through numerous encounters with the Jewish leaders, Jesus has been describing His close and intimate relationship with the Father; they are unified not only in essence but also in purpose. As in chapter 8, Jesus’ claim of unity with the Father outraged the Pharisees. They accused Him of blasphemy because He was equating Himself to God and tried to arrest Him. As a result, Jesus is forced to flee with His disciples across the Jordan and into the wilderness.

As we begin John 11, Jesus is still in the wilderness taking refuge from the rage of the Pharisees. In this chapter, Jesus will perform one of His greatest miracles and will continue to display that His purpose is to glorify the Father (John 11:4). He will make an incredibly bold claim about His power over death and life (John 11:25). We will also see Him engage difficult life circumstances with tremendous compassion and grieve with people that are close to Him, that He loves (John 11:28-36).


What does the text say?

This stage of learning involves reading repetitively to gain familiarity with the text and looking for detail. We look for any words or phrases that are repeated. We may need to use a dictionary to look up definitions of words we may not fully understand. We look for key transition words (if/then, therefore, but) and see how they connect the text. We write out any questions that arise because it is okay to have questions as you study.


What does the text mean?

This stage of learning involves inferring things from the text beyond what it says. While it is easy to read a blog or listen to a sermon and get the answer, we want to use our own minds in this process. We do our best to answer, allowing Scripture to interpret Scripture. We look up cross-references to better answer the question, “what does this mean?”


How should this change me?

While we are now looking at how to apply the text to ourselves, this stage of learning is drawn from a God-centered perspective. We ask questions like- What does this teach me about God? Is there an example to follow? Is there a sin to avoid? Is there a promise to claim? While it is more natural for us to look at others and how the text would apply to them, we must apply the text to ourselves first and foremost. It is only after our own personal application that we are equipped to share how it works in the lives of others.


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